Psychologie Lexikon der Argumente

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Neurobiologie über Stress - Lexikon der Argumente

Corr I 417
Psychological Stress/Neurobiology/Matthews: The Yerkes-Dodson Law is also discredited as a principle for stress research (Matthews, Davies, Westerman and Stammers 2000)(1). It claims that higher levels of arousal are optimal for easier tasks, but Matthews, Davies and Lees (1990) provided a direct disconfirmation. Energetic arousal related to better performance on difficult vigilance tasks, but not easy ones. Other biologically-based theories may do a better job of explanation. For example, Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) (Philip J. Corr 2004(3), >Reinforcement sensitivity/Corr) links the impulsivity and anxiety traits to the sensitivity of brain systems for reward and punishment.


1. Matthews, G., Davies, D. R., Westerman, S. J. and Stammers, R. B. 2000. Human performance: cognition, stress and individual differences. London: Psychology Press
2. Matthews, G., Davies, D. R. and Lees, J. L. 1990. Arousal, Extraversion, and individual differences in resource availability, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 59: 150–68
3. Corr, P. J. 2004. Reinforcement sensitivity theory and personality, Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 28: 317–32


Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Zeichenerklärung: Römische Ziffern geben die Quelle an, arabische Ziffern die Seitenzahl. Die entsprechenden Titel sind rechts unter Metadaten angegeben. ((s)…): Kommentar des Einsenders. Übersetzungen: Lexikon der Argumente
Der Hinweis [Begriff/Autor], [Autor1]Vs[Autor2] bzw. [Autor]Vs[Begriff] bzw. "Problem:"/"Lösung", "alt:"/"neu:" und "These:" ist eine Hinzufügung des Lexikons der Argumente.
Neurobiologie

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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