|Zittrain I 198
Wikipedia/Benkler/Zittrain: Wikipedia, as a tool of group generativity ((s) for generativity see terminology/Zittrain), reflects the character of thousands of people. Benkler compares Wikipedia’s entry on Barbie dolls to that of other encyclopedias developed in more traditional ways, and finds that most of the others fail to make mention of any of the controversies surrounding Barbie as a cultural icon. (1) Wikipedia has extensive discussion on the topic, and Britannica has a share, too. Benkler freely concedes that a tool of group generativity like Wikipedia is not the only way to include important points of view that might not accord with the more monolithic views of what he calls the “industrial information economy.” More traditional institutions, such as universities, have established a measure of independence, too. And he also acknowledges that tools of group generativity can be abused by a group; there can be powerful norms that a majority enforces upon a minority to squelch some views. But he rightly suggests that the world is improved by a variety of models of production of culture,
models that draw on different incentives, with different biases, allowing people to be exposed to a multiplicity of viewpoints, precluding a monopoly on truth. The same can be true of our technology, here the technology that undergirds our access to those viewpoints, and our ability to offer our own. Can groups be trusted to behave well in the absence of formal government to rein in their excesses? (2)
1. YOCHAI BENKLER, THE WEALTH OF NETWORKS at 287—88.
2. See Isaiah Berlin, Two Concepts of Liberty, in FOUR ESSAYS ON LIBERTY 122 (1969)._____________ Zeichenerklärung: Römische Ziffern geben die Quelle an, arabische Ziffern die Seitenzahl. Die entsprechenden Titel sind rechts unter Metadaten angegeben. ((s)…): Kommentar des Einsenders.
The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom New Haven 2007
The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It New Haven 2009